Sinn Féin Pre-Budget 2004 Submission
The Book of Estimates published on 13 November promises the second Budget of Cuts since the 2002 General Election. Already the Estimates themselves have hit the most vulnerable hard. This is epitomised by the miserly and dangerous restrictions on rent supplement which will penalise the homeless, the poorly housed and those on the economic margins.
More stealth taxes have been imposed. Health charges have gone up for the second year in a row and hardest hit are those whose income is just above the limit for medical card qualification - the very people to whom Fianna Fáil promised to extend medical card cover before the General Election.
Since the Fianna Fáil/PD Coalition was elected in 1997, relative income poverty in Ireland has steadily increased. People living on under 50% of the average income are defined as living in poverty. In 1997, 18.1% of the population was below the poverty line. By 2000 it had risen to 20.9%. Government policy has increased inequality in Irish society.
This is the background to Budget 2004. Instead of using unprecedented resources to redistribute wealth and close the poverty gap this Government has worsened social and economic inequality in every Budget since 1997. Now cuts are being imposed and it is the weakest who are targeted.
In times of economic contraction it is tempting for Governments to cut spending in areas perceived to have less impact on day-to-day survival. It is also tempting for the public to accept Government assertions that such cuts are "necessary and unavoidable", and that the spending cuts are only on "non-essentials".
But we should learn from the experience of other western industrial nations who have experienced economic decline or recession and whose governments have advocated a fiscal strategy similar to that proposed by the Fianna Fáil-PD coalition since the boom ended. The cuts under Thatcher, Reagan and their successors ultimately did not target "non-essentials" at all -- they targeted worthwhile "public goods" necessary to a decent quality of life beyond mere survival. In Britain, America, and elsewhere, such cuts in successive budgets have riven the social fabric and reduced many to desperate circumstances. And now Budget 2004 threatens the same. We should consider ourselves warned.
Sinn Féin believes that public goods are worth financing -- they should not be treated as expendable and thus the most convenient place to cut.
We know that particularly in the case of social spending, well managed short to medium-term investment will often yield medium to long-term savings, as other direct and indirect costs are reduced. The health service is the prime example of how cuts and underfunding which were seen as short-term have had the unintended consequence of driving up costs and significantly reducing efficiency in the longer-term. Thus "value for money" is complex, can only be accurately gauged in the medium to long-term, and cannot always be equated with spending less.
Sinn Féin believes the priorities in Budget 2004 must be:
• Concentration of resources on much needed improvements in health, housing, education, social welfare and public services which enhance the quality of life of all;
• Real reform of these services to ensure equality of access, and efficient and effective delivery, to a best practice standard, in order to guarantee true value for money;
• Fundamental review and reform of the tax system to achieve greater equity and increased revenue for improved services; tax reductions for the low paid only; higher taxes for the highest earners in place of stealth taxes which take no account of ability to pay.
Tax on wealth not tax by stealth
Instead of restructuring our taxation system to bring about greater equity the Government has chosen to introduce stealth taxes which take no account of ability to pay and which penalise those on lower income. Instead of taxing wealth they tax lower earners by stealth.
€91 million in new stealth taxes were announced on the same day as the 2004 budget estimates, with more to come. This is on top of last year's stealth taxes, including increased VAT. There are increased charges for hospital visits and medicines, increased local authority charges and rents, higher fees for sitting State examinations and motor tax up by 5%.
At the same time the extent of massive tax evasion and avoidance by the wealthiest sections of society is being revealed. This has yielded major revenues for the State but there is potential for much more, especially if the taxation system is reformed and the Revenue Commissioners are empowered and resourced to ensure compliance.
The improved public services which people need and demand can only be brought about by a planned programme of reform and resourcing. Unlike other parties Sinn Féin does not shy away from the reality that such improvement will mean higher rates of taxation for the wealthy and no more cosy tax concessions for those in our society who can most afford to pay.
We also need to move away from the outmoded model of annual budgeting and towards multi-annual budgeting based on long-term planning.
Avoidance and evasion
It seems that it is business as usual for Fianna Fáil and the Progressive Democrats. When they entered office together in 1997 they faced a tax regime riddled with double standards, where the wealthiest in society often paid the least tax and where the average PAYE worker was being levied with a growing array of charges and stealth taxes.
Alongside this we had the revelations from the Flood, Moriarty and Ansbacher inquiries. Collectively they revealed just some of the truths of a rich elite in Irish society, using their wealth to buy political power for their own private gain which was then hidden from the Revenue Commissioners in secret banks and offshore accounts.
Today more than six years later and nothing has changed. We still have avoidance and evasion and we still have the average worker carrying an unfair tax burden.
Who is paying tax?
Throughout the past year we have watched the changing exchequer position. By the end of October tax revenue for the first ten months of 2003 was over €1 billion ahead of the 2002 position but still well below actual government forecasts.
The exchequer had collected over €24 billion by the end of October. €6.8 billion was income tax. €7.9 billion was VAT. The amount of Corporation Tax had fallen by over €100 million to €3.8 billion. The next largest contributor to tax revenue was excise duties running to €3.5 billion. It is clear then that the average worker is paying through income tax and levies on household consumption a huge amount of the total tax raised.
Who is not paying tax?
This must raise the question whether everyone is paying their share. Revenue Commission audits raised €350 million last year showing that many are still avoiding tax and in many cases evading it deliberately and systematically.
The costs of tax evasion
What is clear is that the unmasking of the DIRT and Ansbacher fraudsters has not altered the activities and values of the super-rich in Irish society. The Revenue Commissioners have given us the warning signs that massive tax fraud is still taking place as high earning individuals hide their income in offshore bank accounts.
For example earlier this year it was disclosed that 254 Bank of Ireland customers with offshore accounts had settled unpaid tax bills with the Revenue Commissioners. The tax recovered amounted to €100 million. One individual paid €7.3 million in back taxes, while a further 27 paid between €1 to €2million.
This is on top of the €684 million already collected as a result of detection of DIRT tax fraud, the €26 million paid by Ansbacher account holders and the €47 million retrieved from the National Irish Bank/Clerical Medical International scheme.
A recent study by international accountancy and consultancy firm KPMG found that over €4 billion had been lodged into the Isle of Man bankks that that they are not fulfilling their responsibilities for customer tax compliance. The same banks also enjoy profits way above the EU average and we believe they could well afford a special rate of Corporation Tax at 30%.
We need more inventive and positive ways of using the massive financial resources of the Irish banking sector. One proposal is to get them to divert some of their profits into social and infrastructural investments such as ICT networks, small business development and social economy projects such as addressing the lack of effective childcare provision.
End the insurance rip-off
The exorbitant cost of insurance is now a major drain on the economy. Tackling it in an effective way would yield real savings for individuals, community and voluntary bodies, businesses and State services. The Fianna Fáil/PD government has failed to tackle this vital issue in a comprehensive mackle poverty
Since the Fianna Fáil/PD Coalition was elected in 1997, relative income poverty in Ireland has steadily increased. People living on under 50% of the average income are defined as living in poverty.
Last year, almost 6,000 Irish people died as a direct result of poverty according to Dr Jane Wilde of the Institute of Public Health. In 1997, 18.1% of the population was below the poverty line. By 2000 it had risen to 20.9%. Government policy has increased inequality in Irish society.
These numbers are even higher among some of the more vulnerable groups. Poverty in the over 65s is at 35.9%, for children, at 24.9%, representing an incredible 300,000 children living in poverty.
For a significant proportion of Irish society, poverty is a lifelong prison sentence. It is especially alarming that the increase in poverty takes place against a backdrop of an economic boom and historicarecipients.
•Child Benefit should be increased to €142 per month for the first and second child and to €176 for third and subsequent children.
•Examine ways to extend the school meals programmes to ensure they reach all children who would benefit from access to them.
•Increase the Qualified Adult Allowance to a minimum of 70% of the personal rate with the objective of achieving a figure of 75% of the personal rate by 2007.
•Clothing and footwear allowances should be integrated into the main welfare system and delivered in conjunction with Child Dependent Allowances.
•The National Anti-Poverty Strategy (NAPS) target of €150 for the lowest social welfare payment in 2002 terms was 30% of gross average industrial earnings (GAIE). It is made all the more difficult to achieve by 2007 because of the miserly €6 increase in basue. The DP system is totally unfair and needs to go, and this should be accompanied by a fundamental reform of the immigration and work permit system.
Equality and Efficiency in our Health Services
Despite a series of detailed reports analysing the state of the health services, despite the Fianna Fáil/PD Government's Health Strategy, and despite an increasing level of current spending, the health services still suffer from the legacy of decades of underfunding and from the persistent reality of gross inequality within the system.
The Brennan Report highlighted many of the economic inefficiencies in the system. The Prospectus Report showed up shortcomings of its organisation and management. The Hanly Report dealt with medical staffing and deployment and the location of hospital services. Each report proposed varying and sometimes conflicting solutions. All came in the wake of the Government's 4 therefore is:
•Establishment of a Cabinet Committee on Health to spearhead the phasing in of an Irish National Health Service. The Committee's first task to plan the transition, assessing costs and savings in the short, medium and long term and commencing multi-annual budgeting on that basis.
In the Estimates for 2004 there is no extra allocation for the delivery of Fianna Fáil's promised 200,000 further medical cards or for their promised elimination of hospital waiting lists by the summer of 2004.
Instead, for the second year running increased charges have been imposed for hospital visits and for medicines. Hardest hit by these charges are those whose income is just above the limit for medical card qualification - the very people to whom Fianna Fáil promised to extend medical card cover. The public patient is penalised once again.
In Budget 2004 Sinn Féin calls foug prescribing to reduce costs of drugs in the General Medical Services Scheme. Generic drugs cost approximately 30% less than proprietary drugs but they are prescribed far less in this State than in other EU states.
•Acceleration of renegotiation of Common Contract for Consultant Medical Staff. Government to ensure a fairer deal for public patients and an end to the exploitation of the two-tier system.
•All new consultant posts to be exclusively in the public system.
•Removal of tax incentives for private medical care and for the construction of private medical facilities. Savings to be ploughed into the public system.
•Funding to health boards to restore all Home Help hours cut back in 2002/2003.
•Increased All Ireland co-operation on Health. The skills of service providers in the health systems, North and South, can be better utilisedéin is calling for a constitutional right to housing; a Minister for Housing with a full cabinet position; a properly funded national housing strategy; the establishment of a National Housing Agency to co-ordinate all aspects of housing provision; the capping of the price of building land and wider powers for local authorities to use CPO's to procure land for housing. Sinn Féin is also committed to the abolition of ground rents.
The current housing situation
There are 48,000 household units on housing waiting lists in this state. 85% of these households on local authority waiting lists have an annual income of less than €15,000.
Official figures for 2002 showed 5,581 people homeless in the state. There is a serious data deficiency in relation to homelessness in the 26 Counties.
The average price of a new house across the state between 1998 to end of June 2003 increaseelief for speculative buyers of second homes.
•Compulsory Purchase Orders to be used against speculators sitting on land banks and derelict properties. In the same way as the Derelict Sites Act allows for a derelict sites levy, levies to be imposed on those speculators/developers who are hoarding land.
•Capital Gains Tax to be restored to its 1997 level of 40 per cent. There should be an increase in Capital Gains Tax on speculative owners of multiple dwellings. Such a tax would be introduced on a phased basis over two years.
•Control of land prices, with a statutory ceiling on the price of land zoned for housing to stop speculation and reduce soaring house prices.
•No cuts in the provisions for local authority and social housing programmes. Funding should be increased at least in line with building inflation.
•Publish the National Publiwith an immediate target of 70% of applicant units to be provided with suitable accommodation within two years of their being on the list.
•Statutory control of rents in the private rented sector, strengthened laws to set standards for accommodation and more resources to implement those regulations.
•Immediate reversal of the disgraceful restrictions to apply to those seeking Rent Allowance announced with the publication of the Book of Estimates. The restriction of rent supplement to those who have been in rental accommodation for over six months will cause huge hardships for many thousands of our fellow citizens and their dependents, including women and children seeking to escape domestic violence.
•Removal of the €107 cap on Rent Allowance which is causing severe hardship for people. There is very little rental accommodation available which costs below this level. The current cap ural Development
The 2004 Budget will be framed at a time when Irish agriculture is about to undergo the most radical changes it has faced since the State joined the European Union in 1973. This is because of the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), and especially the advent of the single farm payment which will be decoupled from production.
Sinn Féin was the first party to argue in favour of de-coupling, and while we would like to see a more radical approach to other aspects of CAP reform, we believe that de-coupling can, in tandem with domestic policy changes, bring about a more advantageous situation for Irish farmers and for rural Ireland in general. It is vital, therefore, that this Budget ensures that the necessary investment is made available to the sector over the coming period.
Sinn Féin calls for:
• A reversal of the cutbacks in the Teagasc budget to alse to a younger person.
Taking control of our natural resources
The ongoing controversies regarding the control and exploitation of our natural mineral resources highlight the need for a radical revision of the licensing and revenue terms which govern the sector. This was given renewed emphasis earlier in the year with the rejection of the application by the Shell subsidiary Enterprise Energy Ireland to build a pipeline to transport gas from the Corrib field off the Mayo coast.
Apart from the environmental reasons for the rejection, one of the authors of the report, Kevin Moore, pointed to the lack of any real economic benefit for the region. Sinn Féin believes that neither the region nor the country as a whole will benefit because of the way in which successive governments have abandoned our natural resources to multinational companies. In order to address this, Sinn Féin proposes: training and employment for people with disabilities.
An equality ethos must underpin all government action with regard to disability. Therefore the first commitment to disabled people from Budget 2004 must be:
•To ensure that resources are committed in the short, medium and long term to implement rights-based disability legislation.
We should not tolerate a situation where over half the households headed by a person with a disability or a long-term illness are living in relative income poverty. We should not tolerate a 70% unemployment rate for people with disabilities. Yet after a decade of unprecedented prosperity in this State, that is still the situation for citizens who continue to be disabled by the social, economic, cultural and physical obstacles placed in their path by our society.
In Sinn Féin's pre-Budget 2003 submissimany costs people with disabilities incur as a result of disability. It should be based on an assessment of needs rather than means.
•Reverse Community Employment cuts as they affect people with disabilities and remove the three-year cap on CE participants length of stay on schemes.
•Implement the Government's own commitment to mainstream all funding and services for people with disabilities currently delivered through CE schemes.
•Carry out a comprehensive assessment of the housing needs of people with disabilities, including those currently in institutional care, and resource local authorities to meet those needs where appropriate.
•Reform the Disabled Persons Housing Grant by abolishing the differentiation between grants for work in new and existing homes. Assessment to be based purely on need and grants to cover the full cost of works involved.
e to foreign investors should be made available to indigenous enterprises. We need to encourage both small and large-scale indigenous companies with a research and development anchor, recognising that the bulk of employment stems from small and medium-sized enterprises.
Sinn Féin is calling for:
•No cuts to funding for job creation activity of Enterprise Ireland, Shannon Development and the County Enterprise Boards. The proposed cut of 15% in Enterprise Ireland grants to industry contained in the proposed estimates is short sighted at a time when promoting indigenous industry should be a priority.
• Cost benefit analysis of task forces established in the wake of job losses. In most cases the Government's response to job losses has been to establish a new task force. 24 such task forces have been established since 1997. An Tánaiste has admitted that no cost benefit analysis has been cp>
• Reinstatement of 5000 CE places which have been cut by the Government. There has been a huge increase in the level of job losses in the last year and the Government has failed to fulfil commitments to mainstream many of those jobs particularly those in the health sector. These cuts were made without consideration of the impact on CE participants and on those availing of services provided through CE schemes. The cut of 5000 places was a breach of the PPF Agreement. CE schemes are vital, giving participants work experience and skills and allowing people to make the transition from welfare to work. They have also provided essential services within communities such as childcare, support for the elderly and disabled and youth services.
• Reinstatement of all Jobs Initiative places which have been cut.
• As an effective tool to assist people set up in business and move off welfare, those unemployered method of dealing with carbon emissions, shows its fundamentally flawed approach to environmental sustainability. They have distorted the 'polluter pays principle' and have targeted households rather than the primary polluters -- industry.
Investment in the Environment and renewable resources will benefit the citizens of this State today as well as ensuring a better quality of life for future generations. The Government must invest in climate change prevention, waste management based on a zero waste policy and environmental protection.
Ireland should be leading the world in the generation of renewable energy. Sinn Féin believes that our goals should be efficient, cost effective, state-led development of natural and renewable energy resources focused on ending external dependencies and reducing fossil fuel emissions.
Sinn Féin is concerned that the government's response to its obligations undercentives to be assessed for possible impact on the environment.
Equal Access to Education
Investment in primary education, and specifically capital investment, must be the Government's education priority in this year's Budget.
Almost 500 schools are on the Department's list. Sixty three are under construction but with only 12 given approval to proceed to construction in 2003, that leaves approximately 417 primary schools mired in the limbo of the planning process. At this rate it will take decades to complete the current School Building Programme.
Many of these schools have been on the planning list for years, others have spent years waiting to get on it. For example Gaelscoil na Camóige in Clondalkin has been trying for ten years to get on the list and according to the INTO there are at least 100 additional schools that have not made it onto the list.
he use of limited borrowing for capital projects where absolutely necessary.
We remain resolutely opposed to the use of Public Private Partnership in the education sector on the grounds of cost and the involvement of private companies, motivated purely by profit, in our education system.
Sinn Féin proposals:
• Reverse the cutbacks in VTOS childcare supports which are restricting the opportunities of working class people in accessing education and lifelong learning.
• The college registration fee has increased by over 350% since it was introduced in 1996. We propose an immediate commitment to no further increases over the lifetime of this Government and a pledge to work towards substantial reductions during this period.
• An increase in the capitation grant to at least €150 per pupil in national schools and to €300 per pupil in secondar €33.95 per week for H.Dip students.
• Measures to seriously tackle the insurance costs that bedevil schools across the country. Rampant profiteering in the Insurance sector has seen many schools face insurance increases of 35% to 100% in the last few years.
Public Transport is vital infrastructure
Sinn Féin believes that Ireland's public transport system is an essential part of our economic and social infrastructure.
Lower income households and communities are heavily reliant on public transport. Over a quarter of a million households in the State do not have access to a car, a figure at its highest in the Dublin City area where over 40% of households do not have a car.
Within Dublin City Centre, only 20% of commuters use public transport. We have not reached a stage where the alternative of public transport is available widely s and this has seen improvements in the public transport system but we are starting from an historically low base as a result of decades of institutionalised neglect by successive governments. This has also allowed our public transport system to continue to provide what are, by European standards, below average fares. CIE is now responsible for facilitating 320 million journeys a year.
Unfortunately, the gains of recent years, as a result of an expanded bus and rail fleet, the introduction of Quality Bus Corridors (QBCs) and the contribution of public transport workers, are in danger of being thrown away. Minister Brennan's ill-thought out and ideologically blinkered approach to privatising and breaking up our public transport system is a recipe for disaster.
Key Sinn Féin recommendations
• Investment in Public Transport to continue and to be accelerated with the objective of reaching the EU averag Last year the Joseph Rowntree Report found significant inequality in access to justice for deprived communities in Ireland. Yet Budget 2003 cut the Legal Aid Board budget by over half a million euro and also cut funding to the Free Legal Advice Centres. These cuts hit low-income individuals and families who cannot afford private legal representation, worsening the situation described in the Rowntree Report. As a result of the cuts, many applicants for Civil Legal Aid now must wait between 7 and 12 months to see a solicitor at a Free Legal Advice Centre. Where the case concerned involves child custody, access, or maintenance matters, the economic and other consequences of this delay can be devastating. It may also constitute a breach of the European Convention on Human Rights, which guarantees the right of effective access to the courts.
Even Minister McDowell has admitted that "a class-based justice system has no place in a republic." t of Justice (€337 m), the Courts Service (€84 m), the Attorney General's office (€13 m), the Department of Public Prosecutions (€28 m), the Chief State Solicitor's office (€29 m) and the Prison Service (€328 m). It also comfortably exceeded 2003 defence spending at €707 million. This year, while many of these other votes will be cut, Garda spending will exceed one billion euro. An increasing proportion of these Garda funds will be spent on overtime payments -- some of which are massive.
The policing service in this State needs a lot more than increased funding and more Gardaí.
Sinn Féin recommends:
• Greater transparency and accountability in Garda deployment decisions.
• Review how Garda resources are presently deployed and whether this meets local needs.
• Fundamental reform to make the service more locally accountable to the communities it serves.
• Any force increases as a result of delivery on Programme for Government Commitments to be dedicated to those Divisional areas and Districts found to suffer from inadequate policing services, and those aspects of policing that are most needed in communities.
• Garda authorities to be held accountable for their spending decisions so that increased resources are effectively translated into increased security in our homes, streets, and communities.
An effective penal system
It is recognised that the Irish prison system is one of the most bloated and least effective institutions in the State. Despite having one of the lowest crime rates in Europe, this State has the fastest growing prison population. Contrary to assumption, only a tiny minority are imprisoned for serious or violent offences. One in four people sentenced are imprisoned for non-payment of fines. Poor people are disproportionately represented in prisons. The 26 Counties has one of the most expensive prison systems in the world -- with per prisoner incarceration costs ranging from €84,750-€206,700 per year -- and one of the highest rates of recidivism at 89%. Imprisonment is too expensive and overused, compared to community sanctions which are less costly and underused. Clearly the present system is not working and does not provide "value for money". For economic and social reasons, this must change.
Given its unnecessarily high staff to prisoner ratio in excess of 1:1, staffing costs made up the lion's share of the 2003 Prison Service Budget at almost €210 million. As it will cost more than €64 million this year, Prison Officer overtime will be a huge issue in Budget 2004. In contrast, spending on rehabilitative and other services was a very small proportion of the overall 2003 spend.
Alternative community sanctions for minor and non-violent offenders cost only a fraction compared to custody. Investment in education and rehabilitation is found to reduce recidivism and costs less than unnecessary confinement. Despite these realities, Budget 2003 targeted the Probation and Welfare Service, the Community Service Orders Scheme and prisoner education programmes for funding cuts, and the Government proposes to cut them again in 2004.
For Budget 2004 the Minister has given the Prison Officers Association an ultimatum on overtime costs which clearly must be reduced, but Sinn Féin is not convinced that the solutions he proposes will solve what is obviously a structural problem that has developed over years and possibly decades.
Neither the plan to annualise hours nor to close and transfer staff from two prisons tackles the problem of a system bloated with too many prisoners and too many staff, which over-incarcerates instead of using more socially and economically efficient community sanctions, and which spends only a tiny fraction of its budget on rehabilitation. Indeed, the Minister may end up creating additional staffing costs by his proposed new management for Shelton Abbey and Loughan House.
Proposals to "outsource" certain services such as prison escorts to private companies run counter to both the Minister's own Departmental Expert Group and best international evidence about economic efficiency and effectiveness. There is also no commitment that any savings will be ringfenced to improve rehabilitative services.
Likewise, neither the proposed closure of low cost, and/or rehabilitation and reintegration-oriented open institutions such as Shanganagh and Spike Island nor the possible re-opening of Shelton Abbey and Loughan House as public-private partnership prisons, bear any relationship to reform needs identified by the Prisons Inspectorate and European Committee for the Prevention of Torture. The Minister must not be allowed to engage in a prison property sell-off programme to raise revenue for the Exchequer when real reforms and restructuring are needed.
Sinn Féin's recommendations:
• Stopping over-incarceration is the most effective way to save monies to the system in the short and long run. The criminal sanctions system in this State needs to be fundamentally restructured and the prison system itself needs fundamental reform.
• Reform of penal system must be based on best international practice models and plan for investment in needed facility upgrades and in services.
• Prison staffing arrangements must come into line with international best practice, and be reviewed and agreed in partnership with Prison Officers Association. As they are currently constituted, the Prison Visiting Committees are also too costly and do not act effectively as a watchdog on conditions.
• At minimum, Budget 2004 must reverse the cuts to prisoner programmes and rehabilitative services.
Arts investment must reflect its true social and economic value
Despite the fact that the Programme for Government promised to implement the Arts Plan 2000-2006 which called for an increase to €53.7 million in funding to the sector in 2003, Budget 2003 delivered only €44 million to the Arts Council -- a cut of €4 million. While resulting savings to the Exchequer were minimal, the costs to the sector were disproportionate -- an estimated 1,000 people have lost their jobs, productions and tours have been cancelled and artists have moved overseas in pursuit of work.
State support for the cultural industrial sector need not "drain" resources but if handled correctly can act as an important investment in both cultural and economic development. For example, it has been estimated that the annual overall contribution of the performing arts alone to the economy is as much as €247 million, including €88 million in cultural tourism spending -- much of it in economically peripheral regions. "Cuts" can therefore end up as a net cost to the Exchequer.
There must be no further arts cuts in Budget 2004. Funding must be restored to the levels recommended by the Arts Plan. Restoration and a compensatory increase of monies to non-profit and community-based arts groups and projects should be a priority. As with other areas of the budget, multi-annual funding is the only responsible way to prevent further destabilisation of the arts sector and a commitment to multi-annual funding should be renewed in Budget 2004.
The Government has announced that Budget 2004 will eliminate the Section 481 tax relief which has generated the Irish Film Industry's annual growth of 18%, produced a highly-skilled workforce of over 4,000, contributed €107 million annually to the Irish economy, attracted €136 million in foreign direct investment, and provided the Government with a 3:1 return since its introduction. If the Government goes ahead as planned it risks decimating this nationally important, vibrant and globally competitive industry and forfeiting all the associated economic benefits. In the absence of robust state investment in the Irish Film Industry, the Section 481 tax relief to the industry must be retained.
Irish language spending -- an investment for future generations
After years of waiting, the Government has finally passed the Official Languages Equality Act. But unless the Government makes significant commitments to restore and increase funding for the Irish language in Budget 2004, the degeneration of capacity resulting from decades of underfunding may mean that neither the State nor the Irish-language voluntary sector will be in a position to implement the Act -- and its promise will remain unfulfilled.
Repeating a now familiar pattern, Budget 2003 cut Irish language spending. Appallingly, last year's combined funding for Bord na Gaeilge and TG4 amounted to less than half that budgeted for the Horse and Greyhound Racing Fund. Despite its Good Friday Agreement mandate and new cross-border duties, Foras na Gaeilge was not only denied the increase it needed to carry out its additional, approved work programme, but its funding was slashed and then only partially restored. TG4 funding was cut by 11% last year and never restored. There was also no sign of the investment needed to kick-start the process of establishing Ollscoil na Gaeilge -- a development essential to ensuring that Irish is a living language of the future.
The Government in its EU Presidency Programme commits to "the preservation of the richness of European cultural diversity...including especially the diversity of language."
In keeping with this, Sinn Féin recommends:
• At minimum, no cuts to Irish language spending.
• Additional funding to ensure rapid implementation of the Official Languages Equality Act 2003 by all concerned, and the introduction of multi-annual budgeting for Irish language promotion to consolidate the promise of the new Act.
• Foras na Gaeilge funding should be doubled to €28 million in recognition of their role and responsibility as the main institution on the island promoting the Irish language.
• Grant aid to the sole Irish language TV broadcaster TG4 should be restored and increased by at least the rate of inflation in order to assist them to prepare for their new 32-County role mandated by the Irish and British Governments' Joint Declaration of Spring 2003.
An Ghaeilge -- infheistíocht don todhchaí
Tar éis blianta ag feitheamh, faoi dheireadh, tá an Rialtas tar éis glacadh le Acht na dTeangeacha Oifigiúla. Ach mura ndéanann an Rialtas infheistíocht substaintiúil sa bhreis don Ghaeilge i gCáinaisnéis 2004 ní bheidh an Stát nó rannóg deonach na teanga Gaeilge in ann an Acht a chomhlíonadh agus beidh gealltanas an Rialtais fágtha gan sásamh.
Ghearr Cáinaisnéis 2003 ciste don teanga Gaeilge. Go scanrach, bhí an Chiste don bhliain seo caite do Bord na Gaeilge agus TG4 le chéile san iomlán nios lú ná leath an méid a bhi leagtha amach sa Cháinaisnéis do Chiste Rás Capall agus Cúnna.
In ainneoin sainordú Chomhaontú Aoine an Chéasta agus cúramaí nua treas-teorainn, ní hamháin gur dhiúltaiodh an ardú a bhí riachtanach do Fhoras na Gaeilge chun a clár oibre breise a chomhlíonadh, ach gearradh a ciste agus ansin ní raibh sé go léir tugtha ar ais.
Gearradh ciste TG4 11% an bhliain seo chaite agus ní raibh sé curtha ar ais riamh. Chomh maith le sin, ní feictear an fuilleamh riachtanach chun Ollscoil na Gaeilge a bhunú -- rud atá riachtanach chun bheith cinnte go mbeidh Gaeilge ina theanga beo sa todhchaí.
Deir an Rialtas ina Chlár do Uachtarántacht an AE go ndéanfaidh siad: "saibhreas éagsúlacht cultúrach Eorpach a chaomhnú...go speisialta éagsúlacht teanga".
Molann Sinn Féin:
• Gan Ciste na Gaeilge a ghearradh.
• Ciste sa bhreis a dháileadh chun Acht na dTeangacha Oifigiúla a chur i bhfeidhm, agus gealltanas a thabhairt go dtiocfaidh Cáinaisnéis il-bliantúil do chrothú na Teanga Gaeilge chun an Acht nua a neartú amach anseo.
• Ciste €28 milliún do Fhoras na Gaeilge mar aitheantas ar an ról lárnach atá aige ar an oileán ag cur chun cinn na Gaeilge.
• Deontas sa bhreis do TG4 ar a laghad ag an ráta boilscithe chun cabhrú leo ag ullmhú don ról 32-Chontae atá acu tar éis Comhráiteas Rialtas na hÉireann agus Rialtas na Breataine in Earrach 2003.
Investment in Global Social Justice
Irish Official Development Assistance (ODA) is an investment in global social justice. It is money well spent.
The Government has pledged to increase ODA spending to the UN target of 0.7% of GNP by 2007. Given that this is now the fourth wealthiest state in the world, we can well afford it. Indeed, many of our European neighbours do better. Five have already reached and exceeded the UN target. Luxembourg and Norway have committed to increase their spend to 1% GNP by 2005 and Sweden has committed to reach 1% by 2006.
Not only did the Government fail to increase ODA to 0.48% of GNP for 2003, despite a prior agreement between the Minister for Foreign Affairs and the Minister for Finance, they clawed back on the 0.45% ODA spend originally promised for 2002. In Budget 2003 the Government compounded this disappointment with their failure to ringfence ODA and to make a multi-annual commitment to progressive incremental annual increases to 2007, and by effectively freezing 2003 ODA spending at 2002 levels (0.41%). The Government now proposes to freeze ODA spending in 2004 at a level of 0.41% of GNP for the third year running.
Development Cooperation Ireland and Dóchas have recommended managed ODA spending growth in the form of an incremental increase each year until the target is reached: 0.48% in 2004; 0.5% in 2005; 0.62% in 2006; and 0.7% in 2007. Sinn Féin endorses this approach.
During its EU Presidency in 2004 the Government has extra responsibility to meet their commitment.
Sinn Féin recommends:
• The Irish government must show leadership to those EU and other states who have yet to meet the UN ODA target, by committing to ringfence the ODA spend and to annual incremental increases to 2007 beginning with a minimum spending increase to 0.48% of GNP for 2004.
Divert Defence dividends to social spending
Since the commencement of the 1998 plan to sell off surplus Defence properties, the Government has secured approximately €63.5 million in sales. The projected total revenue once the sales are completed is €85-€100 million.
Monies received to date have been used to underwrite defence spending, much of which has been on upgrading required under EU-NATO interoperability agreements. The Department recently estimated that €150 million has been spent on upgrading since 1997. As an EU-NATO military harmonisation deadline has now been set for 2010, such spending is likely to accelerate over the next few years. Indeed, the Department of Defence estimates that this could cost as much as €340 million over the next decade.
There can be no justification for NATO harmonisation spending when the state is bleeding from health and education cuts, and the Government is urging fiscal restraint. The revenues from Defence property sales should be used to pay for essential, safety-related Defence modernisation with the balance being redirected towards urgently needed social spending.
Sinn Féin recommends:
• Eliminating spending on EU and NATO compliance measures that can only draw Ireland deeper into an EU Common Defence
Equality proofing and equality spending to benefit majority
Last year the Government engaged in budget cuts across all Departments without regard to the greater impact of those cuts on the most marginalised in our society. In anticipation of this, Sinn Féin called for the Budget to be "equality-proofed" (including poverty-proofing) in a transparent process, and insisted that any budget cuts be specifically equality/poverty proofed. The Government did not respond to this demand, however, and we are forced to repeat it this year, as it is needed more than ever.
Just because groups of people are marginalised doesn't mean equality is a marginal issue -- in fact, it couldn't be more mainstream. Fully 50% of the population are women and thus would benefit from gender equality measures. Nearly 10% of the population live with a disability and face discrimination. When the indirect impact of this discrimination on their family members is accounted for, then almost one third of the population is affected. As Irish society diversifies ethnically, the need to challenge racism increases -- Amnesty International has found that 73% of people of minority ethnicity experience some form of racism in Ireland, claims of racial discrimination in the workplace more than doubled in the first nine months of 2003, and racist attacks and even killings have increased steadily over the past several years. Everybody ages and is therefore at risk of age-related discrimination. Equality spending is an investment in a better society and a better future for each and every person on this island.
Despite ongoing discrimination and pressing needs for equality measures, last year the Government also made cuts right across the equality sector -- some of them very deep. On this basis they cut back spending on the Equality Authority and Equality Tribunal, and cut Equality Monitoring by 48%. They cut the Status of People with Disabilities measure by 44%. They cut funding to the National Consultative Committee on Racism and Interculturalism and slashed the Anti-Racism Awareness Campaign by 63%. For 2004 the Government proposes that many of these cuts will be repeated, and deeper: Equality Monitoring will be cut by an additional 18%; the Status of People with Disabilities programme will be cut by 19%; and the Anti-Racism Awareness Campaign will be cut by an additional 76%. Such cuts bear no relation to organisational ineffectiveness, to proven waste, nor to reduction of need.
Sinn Féin equality recommendations for Budget 2004:
• At minimum, the 2003 cuts to the equality sector should be reversed and full funding reinstated. If Budget 2004 again fails to fund the full implementation of the long-outstanding recommendations of the National Anti-Poverty Strategy, the National Plan for Women, the Taskforce on the Travelling Community/Traveller Health Strategy, and the Report of the Commission for the Status of People with Disabilities, it should at least provide a timescale for investment towards full implementation.
• Increase transparency on equality spending by either creating a line-itemised "Equality Measures" table in the budget reflecting spending across all departments or line itemise this spending in each departmental table, for the purpose of comparison.
• Equality proof Budget and all cut